Interstitial Lung Disease Treatment

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

Interstitial (in-tur-STISH-ul) lung disease describes a large group of disorders, most of which cause progressive scarring of lung tissue. The scarring associated with interstitial lung disease eventually affects your ability to breathe and get enough oxygen into your bloodstream.

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This disease can be caused by long-term exposure to hazardous materials, such as asbestos. Some types of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, also can cause ILD. In some cases, however, the causes remain unknown.

“Once lung scarring occurs, it’s generally irreversible”, Says Dr. Loveleen Mangla, Lung specialists in Faridabad . Medications may slow the damage of this disease, but many people never regain full use of their lungs.

For any diseases causing progressive scarring of lung treatment by an lung specialists should be done.

Dr. Loveleen Mangla is is an expert Lung specialists in Faridabad with experience in managing all interstitial and fibrotic lung diseases

Lung transplant is an option for some people who have ILD.

Causes Of ILD

Thisdisease seems to occur when an injury to your lungs triggers an abnormal healing response. Ordinarily, your body generates just the right amount of tissue to repair the damage. But in ILD, the repair process goes awry and the tissue around the air sacs (alveoli) becomes scarred and thickened. This makes it more difficult for oxygen to pass into your bloodstream.

Occupational and environmental factors

  • Silica dust
  • Asbestos fibers
  • Grain dust
  • Bird and animal droppings
  • Radiation treatments
  • Indoor hot tubs


Factors That May Make You More Susceptible To Interstitial Lung Disease Include:

  • Age: ILD is much more likely to affect adults, although infants and children sometimes develop the disorder.
  • Exposure to occupational and environmental toxins: If you work in mining, farming or construction or for any reason are exposed to pollutants known to damage your lungs, your risk of interstitial lung disease is increased.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease: If you have uncontrolled acid reflux or indigestion, you may be at increased risk of this disease.
  • Smoking: Some forms of ILD are more likely to occur in people with a history of smoking, and active smoking may make the condition worse, especially if there is associated emphysema.
  • Radiation and chemotherapy: Having radiation treatments to your chest or using some chemotherapy drugs make it more likely that you’ll develop lung disease.

Interstitial Lung Disease Prevention

There is no way to prevent idiopathic or genetic ILD, but it is possible to prevent some of the types with known causes. You can reduce your risk by:

  • Wearing a respirator (a mask that filters particles from the air) around harmful substances, such as asbestos, metal dust, or chemicals.
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Receiving immunizations for flu and pneumonia to help protect your lungs.

Diagnosis Of Interstitial Lung Disease

Identifying and determining the cause of ILD can be challenging. A large number of disorders fall into this broad category. In addition, the signs and symptoms of a wide range of medical conditions can mimic interstitial lung disease, and doctors must rule these out before making a definitive diagnosis.

Some of the following tests may be necessary.

  • Blood tests
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan.
  • Echocardiogram
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Lung tissue analysis

Treatment Of Interstitial Lung Disease

The lung scarring that occurs in this disease can’t be reversed, and treatment will not always be effective in stopping the ultimate progression of the disease. Some treatments may improve symptoms temporarily or slow the disease’s progress. Others help improve the quality of life.

Dr. Loveleen Mangla – Lung specialists in Faridabad are of the opinion that different types of scarring disorders have no approved or proven therapies, clinical studies may be an option to receive an experimental treatment.

  • Bacterial types of pneumonia are usually treated with antibiotics.
  • Viral types of pneumonia are usually treated with rest and plenty of fluids. Antiviral medications can be used in influenza.
  • Fungal types of pneumonia are usually treated with antifungal medications.


Intense research to identify treatment options for specific types of interstitial lung disease is ongoing. Based on currently available, scientific evidence, however, your doctor may recommend:

  • Corticosteroid medications.
  • Medications that slow the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
  • Medications that reduce stomach acid.
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Surgery
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